Employment Arbitration Clauses Limiting Discovery are Allowed

I draft a lot of employment agreement for clients and always recommend some kind of ADR (Alternative Dispute Resolution) provision or separate agreement.  An Arbitration arrangement, for example, is many times preferable to public trial to resolve employment related disputes because it is faster, less expensive and more private than the public trial alternative. But drafting these ADR agreements or clauses can be tricky and we have many cases on the books that have stricken some or all of such provisions as invalid or illegal.

In a recent case from the Second District in California, the Court of Appeal has clarified the extent to which some of the details of these arrangments are deemed permissible,.

In Sanchez v. CarMax Auto Superstores California, LLC – the Court found that an arbitration agreement was not rendered substantively unconscionable by limitations on discovery, where the limitations were applicable to both parties, and employee failed to show that the limitations would prevent him from obtaining necessary evidence.  Additional provisions in the agreement requiring a written award, and that the proceedings remain confidential, and prohibiting consolidation of claims of different employees were all held not to be unconscionable – which means they were allowed.

Properly crafted ADR agreements in employment relationships can save both sides time and expenses if a dispute arises either during or after the employment.

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Deposition Time Limits

California has adopted what has been the long standing federal rule of limiting the time for a deposition to seven (7) hours.  http://ow.ly/ihFBJ

While I would have to admit to have taken, and defended, more than a couple of five (5) day depositions, in truth, I did not learn anything more in five days than I could have learned in five hours if I approached the examination in a calculated and expeditious way.  Indeed, in the last many years I have tended to take fairly quick, cut to the heart of it, depositions, which prove to be as revealing or more as any of the long, grinding, detail by detail, minutia dissecting exams that were so prevalent many years ago, and which survive today mostly by lawyers who are either ill-prepared, or who need to bill a case hard, or both.  Cutting to the chase can be beneficial to all sides and participants in most civil cases.